Frequently Asked Questions
The Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation (ENEC) was established in 2009 by royal decree to develop a peaceful, civil nuclear program to meet the UAE’s growing energy demands.
The Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation, which is wholly owned by the Government of Abu Dhabi, is charged with implementing the UAE civil nuclear energy program to meet the UAE’s growing electricity needs and support the nation’s ongoing economic development.
ENEC specializes in the deployment, ownership and operation of nuclear power plants within the UAE, while making strategic investments in the nuclear sector, both domestically and internationally.
ENEC is committed to providing a safe, secure, environmentally friendly and economical energy source to the UAE.
ENEC’s mission is to deliver safe, clean, efficient and reliable nuclear energy to the United Arab Emirates grid by 2017 and beyon
ENEC is currently the only nuclear energy operator in the UAE.
ENEC is regulated by the Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation (FANR) - an independent federal agency charged with regulation and licensing of all nuclear energy activities in the UAE with public safety as its primary objective.
This independent regulatory body reports through a nine member Board of Management to the Ministry of Presidential Affairs.
It is headed by a long-time, well-respected former official from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and staffed with a growing number of internationally recognized experts in nuclear power, nuclear safety and regulation.
This regulatory system will enforce high standards, encourage self-correction and best practices, and take advantage of the expertise of the worldwide nuclear power and nuclear regulatory communities.
The first plant is expected to start operating in 2017 with the other three plants scheduled to be completed and operational by 2020.
In April 2009, ENEC identified the preferred site for the UAE’s first civil nuclear energy plants, which is located at Braka in the Western Region of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi on the Arabian Gulf, approximately 53 kilometers west-southwest of the city of Ruwais.
Final approval of the proposed site location for the plants rests with the UAE Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation (FANR), which will determine as part of its comprehensive licensing process whether or not the site is an appropriate location for the power plants, and the Environmental Agency – Abu Dhabi.
ENEC has received three licenses for:
- Site selection
- Site preparation
- Limited construction of parts
In December 2010, ENEC filed a Construction License Application for Braka Units 1 and 2 with the United Arab Emirates Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation (FANR). The submittal follows a year-long process in which ENEC and the Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO), the Prime Contractor for ENEC’s program, documented the safety case for the UAE’s first nuclear power plants, as well as the proposed site, Braka, in the Western Region of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.
Click here for the full draft schedule of regulatory filings (link to reg filings page – insert hyperlink)
KEPCO operates a fleet of 20 commercial nuclear reactors in South Korea and has been recognized by the World Association of Nuclear Operators as a leader in nuclear energy safety, plant reliability and efficiency.
KEPCO currently has another eight reactors under construction including the world’s first two APR1400 reactors. These two plants, scheduled to go into operation in 2013, are the reference models for the four plants planned for the UAE.
The APR1400 is based on the System 80+ reactor design, which was certified by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 1997. The design was advanced in 2002 to incorporate the latest international safety requirements and certified in South Korea.
KEPCO will make a series of modifications to the design to meet the needs of the UAE’s local environment and the requirements of the Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation (FANR). These modifications include larger seawater cooling systems and enhanced resistance to impacts from airplanes, beyond the already safe and secure design basis.