International Support

The UAE’s position on nuclear energy has received strong support from the international community.

Government officials, non-proliferation advocates, and energy experts worldwide have praised the UAE’s approach to nuclear energy, referring to it as the “gold standard” for countries interested in exploring nuclear energy for the first time.

US-UAE 123 Agreement

The US-UAE bilateral agreement on nuclear energy cooperation, known as a “123 Agreement”, was signed in December 2009.  It followed a careful review by the U.S. government of the UAE’s plans for nuclear energy, and established protocols for nuclear commerce and cooperation between the two countries.

... the growth of civilian nuclear power seems to me to be essential to meet not just the energy needs, but the climate change requirements… expansion of civilian nuclear power needs to be done according to what I would call the gold standard of safety and security. And I think that the way in which countries like the UAE have pursued their own civilian nuclear power program with the utmost transparency, the utmost determination to meet the higher standards of safety and security, and the utmost determination to work with international bodies is a very, very important signal of the way things should proceed in the future.

David Miliband
UK Foreign Secretary

Two things on the UAE could be a model. One is the 123 Agreement that is, I think, very robust… the other is the fact that they are doing it very logically step-wise, and they understand that it’s not a one-year program, it will take years to get their laws, regulations, their people trained and implemented…

Dale Klein
Former Chairman, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission

This agreement creates an important model for the anticipated global renaissance in nuclear energy. Not only does it meet the highest standards of safety, security, nonproliferation, and operational transparency, but it also creates a significant number of jobs for American companies. The United States and the UAE can meet critical economic and commercial goals with the 123 Agreement. US companies would have access to an important and potentially large market - and better position themselves for the global nuclear renaissance.

The US government would gain a greater role in supporting the UAE’s model for the development of peaceful, civilian nuclear energy. Moreover, the UAE would have access to some of the world’s safest and best nuclear energy technologies.

Danny E. Sebright
President of the US-UAE Business Council

We are very grateful for the important leadership of the UAE in showing the world how nuclear power can be advanced safely, without contributing to nuclear proliferation dangers. The example that the UAE has shown as a state that intends to develop nuclear power based on international sources of fuel services is especially powerful. An IAEA-controlled fuel bank is essential to reducing global nuclear dangers because the same uranium enrichment technology that is used to make nuclear reactor fuel can also be used to make material for a nuclear weapon.

Senator Sam Nunn
Co-Chairman, Nuclear Threat Initiative

Nuclear energy

The energy that is released during a nuclear reaction. Splitting atoms (fission) and fusing atoms (fusion) both release nuclear energy. Today's nuclear power plants use fission to produce energy, which allow them to generate electricity on a large scale.

Preventing the spread of technology, materials and equipment used for nuclear weapons.

A naturally occurring, mildly radioactive element. Uranium-235 is an isotope found as approximately 0.7 percent of natural uranium. Uranium-235 can undergo fission, making it an ideal fuel for nuclear reactors.
Nuclear reactor

The part of a nuclear power plant where nuclear fission occurs, producing heat.
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